Ancient History of Chardham

Badrinath in History

At the height of 3133 mts Badrinath temple situated at the right bank of river Alaknanda, Primarily Badrinath shrine is a Matha established by lord Adi Guru Shankracharya in 8th century in order to give new life to Hindu religion. According to mythology firstly this place was residence of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, Later Lord Vishnu made this place his own reside.

badrinath ghat

badrinath ghat

Legend- As mention in Padam Purana Lord Vishnu performed a rigorous penance here over a several year incarnation of Nar and Narayan (as human), and his wife Goddess Lakshmi protected him from sun and rain to be change herself in the form of bushes of berry. So due to presence of Badri (ber or Berry) that this place became popular as Badri-Vishal, and Vishnu is the lord (Nath) of Lakshmi so this place became more popular a Badrinath. legend also associated with great epic Mahabharata after the battle of Mahabharata Pandava brother and their wife Draupadi used this going to Swargarohini a ascending hill of Western Himalayas (way to heaven), and on the way to heaven Draupadi leaved her life in Lakshmivan just few kilometer from Badrinath. Just 4 km from Badrinath there is cave at village Mana where divine Sage Veda Vyasa wrote Mahabharata.

Kedarnath in History

Situated at bank of holy river Mandakini in Garhwal Himalayas of Uttarakhand, the temple of Kedar nath is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga of lord Shiva, to keep the promise lord Shiva reside in the form of light (Jyoti) in all temple having jyotirlinga. Previous this region of Garhwal known as Kedarkhand and Lord Shiva worshipped as ”the lord of Kedarkhand” Thus lord Shiva became popular in Garhwal Himalaya as Kedar+Nath (lord)  “Kedarnath”. As mention in Purana Adi Guru Shankracharya built this temple in 8th century. It is believed that the ancient temple was build during the age of Mahabharata by Pandavas brother.

kedarnath old picture

kedarnath old picture

Legend – According to mythology after the battle of Mahabharata Pandava came to Guptakashi in Kedarkhand to get the bless of Kedarnath & to wash away the sins of killing their own Kith & Kin. But lord Shiva did not want to give Darshan or appeared in front of Pandava. So he changed his self into a bull and tried to hide in a group of cattle and start grazing, but he identified by Bhima. At the time if dust when cattle was returning to their home, Bhima got stand-up by stretching leg over two rocks and make allow to pass all cattle under his legs. Lord Shiva could ’t pass & try to escape from there and start merge in to the earth only back portion or hump was catched by Bhima. Seeing this lord Shiva became happy and gave Darshan to Pandava. Thus this hump or conical part of bull worshipped at Kedarnath ji.

Gangotri in History

Ganga Dussehra Celebration

Ganga Dussehra Celebration

As we know the Holy Shrine Gangotri is dedicated to river mother Ganges who wash away our all sins and make pious our soul and body and make our way easier to heaven. Basically Gangotri shrine known as the origin point of River Ganges a divine river who gives solace and Salvation to our ancestors and mankind. It is the place where lord Shiva received Ganges in his coil hair while Gaumukh is the place where stream of river Ganges evolved from Gangotri glacier just 19 km trek from Gangotri.

Legend – There is a Bhagirath Shila (a stone slab) near to temple it is believed that King Bhagirath did penance over it to please & bring the Goddess Ganga from heaven. There is also a submerged Shivalinga where lord Shiva seated and received Ganges from heaven in his matted hair. Hindu perform Pooja and Pind Daan at Gangotri to give salvation to their ancestors.

Yamunotri in History

yamunotri temple

yamunotri temple

The Yamuna is also called as Kalindi as she touched the peak of Kalind mountain. Champasar Glacier (4,421 m) is the origin point Yamuna River situated just below the Bandarpoonch Mountain. The shrine of Yamunotri dedicated to Goddess Yamuna consort of Lord Shri Krishna descended from heaven to give life and wash away the sin of mankind. As mention in record the temple of Yamunotri discovered by James Frazer, a British Army officer in 1816. He saw a three foot high temple made of stone and a priest performing worship there. Besides this he also found some tridents & idol of other devotees. In 1850 the King of Tehri Sudharshan Shah constructed this temple by wood and the deity set apart in temple. Later successor of Sudharshan Shah, King Pratap Shah reconstructed the temple in stone. But periodically temple got damage by heavy snow and rain. The present temple of Yamunotri constructed by Queen of Jaipur Maharani Guleria in late 19th century. In 1994 The Surajmal Jalan trust renovated the temple. In winter the worship of Goddess Yamuna performed at Kharsali village near to Jankichatti.

Legend: According to the legend ancient, sage Asit Muni had his reside here when he was unable to got take bath at Gangotri a stream of Ganges appeared opposite to Yamunotri. Yamuna is Daughter of lord Sun and Goddess Sandhya and twin sister of Yama (God of Death). Thus If you take bath in holy water source of Yamuna devotee get relief from painful death. Like Ganga, Yamuna is also a divine river look-after and nurturing India civilization.

As mention in Hindu Mythology Yamuna is a Daughter of God Sun (Surya Dev) and his wife Goddess Sandhya, daughter of Vishwakarma. Later Sandhya gave birth the twins Yama & Yamuna. But the Goddess Sandhya could not bear the dazzling shine of the Sun. So she made her clone named Chhaya and instructed her live with sun and not revealed this truth against any one. Chhaya agreed with the condition that if ever Surya Dev punished her by pulling her hair she will tell truth. After this Sandhya left her husband home. One day, the Chhaya got struck by feet of child Yama. The insulted Chhaya cursed Yama that his leg would rot and fall off. Seeing this God Surya got surprised and angry by this cruel curse, how a mother can give a curse to her child. In anger, he pulled Chhaya’s hair then Chhaya told all the truth to Surya that she was not his wife. After this Yamuna came down to earth at Yamunotri and performed a rigorous penance over Divya Shila to get rid off the curse and save her brother. Later Yamuna got succeed in his penance and Yama became healthy. Yama (the god of Death) gave a boon to Yamuna that he will save the life of Yamuna’s Devotee from Akaalmrityu (an untimely death). It is said that a holy bath in river Yamuna at Yamunotri save the live from untimely death and give salvation or Moksha to devotee. The Surya Kund (a Hot curative water spring) near Divya Shila presented by god Surya to his daughter. Devotee take holy bath in Tapta Kund (near to Suryakund) and cook rice or potato in the Suryakund, offering this cooked rice to deity take it as Prasad of goddess. Pilgrim also carry water from Yamunotri and used in worship of Lord Krishna during Janmashtami or other related auspicious day.

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